Henry's Law Constants

Rolf Sander

NEW: Version 5.0.0 has been published in October 2023

Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


Henry's Law Constants





Contact, Imprint, Acknowledgements

When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 5.0.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 10901-12440 (2023), doi:10.5194/acp-23-10901-2023

The publication from 2023 replaces that from 2015, which is now obsolete. Please do not cite the old paper anymore.

Henry's Law ConstantsOrganic species with chlorine (Cl)Oxygenated chlorocarbons (C, H, O, Cl) → hydroxypentachlorobenzene

TRIVIAL NAME: pentachlorophenol
CAS RN:87-86-5

Hscp d ln Hs cp / d (1/T) References Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
4.1×102 Hellmann (1987) M 88)
1.3×101 Mackay et al. (2006c) V
Mackay et al. (2006d) V 560)
1.1×10−2 Fogg and Sangster (2003) V
1.3×101 Mackay et al. (1995) V
2.3×101 Riederer (1990) V
2.3×101 Suntio et al. (1988) V 12)
2.2×10−1 Barcelo and Hennion (1997) X 569)
1.1×10−1 1300 Goldstein (1982) X 299)
4.7 McCarty (1980) X 370)
3.4 Ryan et al. (1988) C
7.9×101 Zhang et al. (2010) Q 288) 289)
6.0×10−2 Zhang et al. (2010) Q 288) 290)
6.5 Zhang et al. (2010) Q 288) 291)
4.0 Zhang et al. (2010) Q 288) 292)
2.5×10−1 Goodarzi et al. (2010) Q 570) 571)
1.3×101 Modarresi et al. (2007) Q 68)
7800 Kühne et al. (2005) Q
7.9×101 Meylan and Howard (1991) Q
1.8 Fogg and Sangster (2003) E
7400 Kühne et al. (2005) ?


The first column contains Henry's law solubility constant Hscp at the reference temperature of 298.15 K.
The second column contains the temperature dependence d ln Hs cp / d (1/T), also at the reference temperature.


  • Barcelo, D. & Hennion, M. C.: Trace Determination of Pesticides and Their Degradation Products in Water, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, ISBN 9780444818423 (1997).
  • Fogg, P. & Sangster, J.: Chemicals in the Atmosphere: Solubility, Sources and Reactivity, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN 978-0-471-98651-5 (2003).
  • Goldstein, D. J.: Air and steam stripping of toxic pollutants, Appendix 3: Henry’s law constants, Tech. Rep. EPA-68-03-002, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, USA (1982).
  • Goodarzi, M., Ortiz, E. V., Coelho, L. D. S., & Duchowicz, P. R.: Linear and non-linear relationships mapping the Henry’s law parameters of organic pesticides, Atmos. Environ., 44, 3179–3186, doi:10.1016/J.ATMOSENV.2010.05.025 (2010).
  • Hellmann, H.: Model tests on volatilization of organic trace substances in surfaces waters, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 328, 475–479, doi:10.1007/BF00475967 (1987).
  • Kühne, R., Ebert, R.-U., & Schüürmann, G.: Prediction of the temperature dependency of Henry’s law constant from chemical structure, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 6705–6711, doi:10.1021/ES050527H (2005).
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., & Ma, K. C.: Illustrated Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. IV of Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Sulfur Containing Compounds, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, ISBN 1566700353 (1995).
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., Ma, K. C., & Lee, S. C.: Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. III of Oxygen Containing Compounds, CRC/Taylor & Francis Group, doi:10.1201/9781420044393 (2006c).
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., Ma, K. C., & Lee, S. C.: Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. IV of Nitrogen and Sulfur Containing Compounds and Pesticides, CRC/Taylor & Francis Group, doi:10.1201/9781420044393 (2006d).
  • McCarty, P. L.: Organics in water – an engineering challenge, J. Environ. Eng. Div., 106, 1–17 (1980).
  • Meylan, W. M. & Howard, P. H.: Bond contribution method for estimating Henry’s law constants, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 10, 1283–1293, doi:10.1002/ETC.5620101007 (1991).
  • Modarresi, H., Modarress, H., & Dearden, J. C.: QSPR model of Henry’s law constant for a diverse set of organic chemicals based on genetic algorithm-radial basis function network approach, Chemosphere, 66, 2067–2076, doi:10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2006.09.049 (2007).
  • Riederer, M.: Estimating partitioning and transport of organic chemicals in the foliage/atmosphere system: discussion of a fugacity-based model, Environ. Sci. Technol., 24, 829–837, doi:10.1021/ES00076A006 (1990).
  • Ryan, J. A., Bell, R. M., Davidson, J. M., & O’Connor, G. A.: Plant uptake of non-ionic organic chemicals from soils, Chemosphere, 17, 2299–2323, doi:10.1016/0045-6535(88)90142-7 (1988).
  • Suntio, L. R., Shiu, W. Y., Mackay, D., Seiber, J. N., & Glotfelty, D.: Critical review of Henry’s law constants for pesticides, Rev. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 103, 1–59, doi:10.1007/978-1-4612-3850-8_1 (1988).
  • Zhang, X., Brown, T. N., Wania, F., Heimstad, E. S., & Goss, K.-U.: Assessment of chemical screening outcomes based on different partitioning property estimation methods, Environ. Int., 36, 514–520, doi:10.1016/J.ENVINT.2010.03.010 (2010).


Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2023) for further details.


12) Value at T = 293 K.
68) Modarresi et al. (2007) use different descriptors for their calculations. They conclude that a genetic algorithm/radial basis function network (GA/RBFN) is the best QSPR model. Only these results are shown here.
88) Value at T = 295 K.
288) Data taken from the supplement.
289) Calculated using the EPI Suite (v4.0) method.
290) Calculated using the SPARC (v4.2) method.
291) Calculated using the COSMOtherm (v2.1) method.
292) Calculated using the ABSOLV (ADMEBoxes v4.1) method.
299) Value given here as quoted by Staudinger and Roberts (1996).
370) Value given here as quoted by Petrasek et al. (1983).
560) Mackay et al. (2006d) list a vapor pressure p, a solubility c, and a Henry's law constant calculated as p/c. However, the data are internally inconsistent and deviate by more than 10 %.
569) Value given here as quoted by Goodarzi et al. (2010).
570) Goodarzi et al. (2010) compared several QSPR methods and found that the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm with Bayesian regularization produces the best results. Values obtained with other methods can be found in their supplement.
571) Value from the validation set.

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2023). References cited in the notes can be found here.

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