Henry's Law Constants

Rolf Sander

NEW: Version 5.0.0 has been published in October 2023

Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


Henry's Law Constants





Contact, Imprint, Acknowledgements

When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 5.0.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 10901-12440 (2023), doi:10.5194/acp-23-10901-2023

The publication from 2023 replaces that from 2015, which is now obsolete. Please do not cite the old paper anymore.

Henry's Law ConstantsOrganic species with iodine (I)Iodocarbons (C, H, O, Cl, I) → iodoethane

CAS RN:75-03-6

Hscp d ln Hs cp / d (1/T) References Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
1.4×10−3 4800 Burkholder et al. (2019) L 71)
1.4×10−3 4800 Burkholder et al. (2015) L 71)
1.5×10−3 3600 Brockbank (2013) L 1)
1.5×10−3 4200 Fogg and Sangster (2003) L 799)
1.4×10−3 4800 Ooki and Yokouchi (2011) M 71)
1.4×10−3 Li et al. (1993) M
1.5×10−3 4000 Rex (1906) M
1.4×10−3 Duchowicz et al. (2020) V 187)
1.4×10−3 Mackay et al. (2006b) V
1.9×10−3 Mackay et al. (1993) V
1.4×10−3 Abraham (1984) V
1.4×10−3 Hine and Mookerjee (1975) V
1.7×10−3 Yaws (2003) X 12) 238)
1.2×10−3 Duchowicz et al. (2020) Q
1.2×10−3 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 243) 244)
1.2×10−3 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 245)
1.2×10−3 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 246)
1.7×10−3 Gharagheizi et al. (2010) Q 247)
1.9×10−3 Hilal et al. (2008) Q
4200 Kühne et al. (2005) Q
1.1×10−3 Yaffe et al. (2003) Q 249) 273)
4.2×10−3 Yao et al. (2002) Q 230) 268)
2.2×10−4 English and Carroll (2001) Q 231) 232)
1.2×10−3 Katritzky et al. (1998) Q
1.3×10−3 Suzuki et al. (1992) Q 233)
1.2×10−3 Nirmalakhandan and Speece (1988) Q
4100 Kühne et al. (2005) ?
1.4×10−3 Yaws (1999) ? 12) 21)
1.1×10−3 Abraham and Weathersby (1994) ? 21)
1.8×10−3 Yaws and Yang (1992) ? 12) 21)
1.4×10−3 Abraham et al. (1990) ?


The first column contains Henry's law solubility constant Hscp at the reference temperature of 298.15 K.
The second column contains the temperature dependence d ln Hs cp / d (1/T), also at the reference temperature.


  • Abraham, M. H.: Thermodynamics of solution of homologous series of solutes in water, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1, 80, 153–181, doi:10.1039/F19848000153 (1984).
  • Abraham, M. H. & Weathersby, P. K.: Hydrogen bonding. 30. Solubility of gases and vapors in biological liquids and tissues, J. Pharm. Sci., 83, 1450–1456, doi:10.1002/JPS.2600831017 (1994).
  • Abraham, M. H., Whiting, G. S., Fuchs, R., & Chambers, E. J.: Thermodynamics of solute transfer from water to hexadecane, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. 291–300, doi:10.1039/P29900000291 (1990).
  • Brockbank, S. A.: Aqueous Henry’s law constants, infinite dilution activity coefficients, and water solubility: critically evaluated database, experimental analysis, and prediction methods, Ph.D. thesis, Brigham Young University, USA, URL (2013).
  • Burkholder, J. B., Sander, S. P., Abbatt, J., Barker, J. R., Huie, R. E., Kolb, C. E., Kurylo, M. J., Orkin, V. L., Wilmouth, D. M., & Wine, P. H.: Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation No. 18, JPL Publication 15-10, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, URL (2015).
  • Burkholder, J. B., Sander, S. P., Abbatt, J., Barker, J. R., Cappa, C., Crounse, J. D., Dibble, T. S., Huie, R. E., Kolb, C. E., Kurylo, M. J., Orkin, V. L., Percival, C. J., Wilmouth, D. M., & Wine, P. H.: Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation No. 19, JPL Publication 19-5, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, URL (2019).
  • Duchowicz, P. R., Aranda, J. F., Bacelo, D. E., & Fioressi, S. E.: QSPR study of the Henry’s law constant for heterogeneous compounds, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 154, 115–121, doi:10.1016/J.CHERD.2019.12.009 (2020).
  • English, N. J. & Carroll, D. G.: Prediction of Henry’s law constants by a quantitative structure property relationship and neural networks, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 41, 1150–1161, doi:10.1021/CI010361D (2001).
  • Fogg, P. & Sangster, J.: Chemicals in the Atmosphere: Solubility, Sources and Reactivity, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN 978-0-471-98651-5 (2003).
  • Gharagheizi, F., Abbasi, R., & Tirandazi, B.: Prediction of Henry’s law constant of organic compounds in water from a new group-contribution-based model, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 49, 10 149–10 152, doi:10.1021/IE101532E (2010).
  • Hilal, S. H., Ayyampalayam, S. N., & Carreira, L. A.: Air-liquid partition coefficient for a diverse set of organic compounds: Henry’s law constant in water and hexadecane, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 9231–9236, doi:10.1021/ES8005783 (2008).
  • Hine, J. & Mookerjee, P. K.: The intrinsic hydrophilic character of organic compounds. Correlations in terms of structural contributions, J. Org. Chem., 40, 292–298, doi:10.1021/JO00891A006 (1975).
  • Katritzky, A. R., Wang, Y., Sild, S., Tamm, T., & Karelson, M.: QSPR studies on vapor pressure, aqueous solubility, and the prediction of water-air partition coefficients, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 38, 720–725, doi:10.1021/CI980022T (1998).
  • Kühne, R., Ebert, R.-U., & Schüürmann, G.: Prediction of the temperature dependency of Henry’s law constant from chemical structure, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 6705–6711, doi:10.1021/ES050527H (2005).
  • Li, J., Dallas, A. J., Eikens, D. I., Carr, P. W., Bergmann, D. L., Hait, M. J., & Eckert, C. A.: Measurement of large infinite dilution activity coefficients of nonelectrolytes in water by inert gas stripping and gas chromatography, Anal. Chem., 65, 3212–3218, doi:10.1021/AC00070A008 (1993).
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., & Ma, K. C.: Illustrated Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. III of Volatile Organic Chemicals, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, ISBN 0873719735 (1993).
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., Ma, K. C., & Lee, S. C.: Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. II of Halogenated Hydrocarbons, CRC/Taylor & Francis Group, doi:10.1201/9781420044393 (2006b).
  • Nirmalakhandan, N. N. & Speece, R. E.: QSAR model for predicting Henry’s constant, Environ. Sci. Technol., 22, 1349–1357, doi:10.1021/ES00176A016 (1988).
  • Ooki, A. & Yokouchi, Y.: Determination of Henry’s law constant of halocarbons in seawater and analysis of sea-to-air flux of iodoethane (C2H5I) in the Indian and Southern Oceans based on partial pressure measurements, Geochem. J., 45, e1–e7, doi:10.2343/GEOCHEMJ.1.0122 (2011).
  • Raventos-Duran, T., Camredon, M., Valorso, R., Mouchel-Vallon, C., & Aumont, B.: Structure-activity relationships to estimate the effective Henry’s law constants of organics of atmospheric interest, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7643–7654, doi:10.5194/ACP-10-7643-2010 (2010).
  • Rex, A.: Über die Löslichkeit der Halogenderivate der Kohlenwasserstoffe in Wasser, Z. Phys. Chem., 55, 355–370, doi:10.1515/ZPCH-1906-5519 (1906).
  • Suzuki, T., Ohtaguchi, K., & Koide, K.: Application of principal components analysis to calculate Henry’s constant from molecular structure, Comput. Chem., 16, 41–52, doi:10.1016/0097-8485(92)85007-L (1992).
  • Yaffe, D., Cohen, Y., Espinosa, G., Arenas, A., & Giralt, F.: A fuzzy ARTMAP-based quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) for the Henry’s law constant of organic compounds, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 43, 85–112, doi:10.1021/CI025561J (2003).
  • Yao, X., aand X. Zhang, M. L., Hu, Z., & Fan, B.: Radial basis function network-based quantitative structure-property relationship for the prediction of Henry’s law constant, Anal. Chim. Acta, 462, 101–117, doi:10.1016/S0003-2670(02)00273-8 (2002).
  • Yaws, C. L.: Chemical Properties Handbook, McGraw-Hill, Inc., ISBN 0070734011 (1999).
  • Yaws, C. L.: Yaws’ Handbook of Thermodynamic and Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds, Knovel: Norwich, NY, USA, ISBN 1591244447 (2003).
  • Yaws, C. L. & Yang, H.-C.: Henry’s law constant for compound in water, in: Thermodynamic and Physical Property Data, edited by Yaws, C. L., pp. 181–206, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, TX, ISBN 0884150313 (1992).


Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2023) for further details.


1) A detailed temperature dependence with more than one parameter is available in the original publication. Here, only the temperature dependence at 298.15 K according to the van 't Hoff equation is presented.
12) Value at T = 293 K.
21) Several references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
71) Solubility in sea water.
187) Estimation based on the quotient between vapor pressure and water solubility, extracted from HENRYWIN.
230) Yao et al. (2002) compared two QSPR methods and found that radial basis function networks (RBFNs) are better than multiple linear regression. In their paper, they provide neither a definition nor the unit of their Henry's law constants. Comparing the values with those that they cite from Yaws (1999), it is assumed that they use the variant Hvpx and the unit atm.
231) English and Carroll (2001) provide several calculations. Here, the preferred value with explicit inclusion of hydrogen bonding parameters from a neural network is shown.
232) Value from the training dataset.
233) Calculated with a principal component analysis (PCA); see Suzuki et al. (1992) for details.
238) Value given here as quoted by Gharagheizi et al. (2010).
243) Value from the training dataset.
244) Calculated using the GROMHE model.
245) Calculated using the SPARC approach.
246) Calculated using the HENRYWIN method.
247) Calculated using a combination of a group contribution method and neural networks.
249) Yaffe et al. (2003) present QSPR results calculated with the fuzzy ARTMAP (FAM) and with the back-propagation (BK-Pr) method. They conclude that FAM is better. Only the FAM results are shown here.
268) Value from the test set.
273) Value from the test set.
799) The regression given by Fogg and Sangster (2003) does not produce the data in their table. Thus the regression was recalculated.

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2023). References cited in the notes can be found here.

* * *

Search Henry's Law Database

Species Search:

Identifier Search:

Reference Search:

* * *

Convert Henry's Law Constants


* * *