Henry's Law Constants

Rolf Sander

NEW: Version 5.0.0 has been published in October 2023

Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


Henry's Law Constants





Contact, Imprint, Acknowledgements

When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 5.0.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 10901-12440 (2023), doi:10.5194/acp-23-10901-2023

The publication from 2023 replaces that from 2015, which is now obsolete. Please do not cite the old paper anymore.

Henry's Law ConstantsOrganic species with oxygen (O)Ketones (RCOR) → 2-pentanone

CAS RN:107-87-9

Hscp d ln Hs cp / d (1/T) References Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
1.3×10−1 6000 Brockbank (2013) L 1)
1.3×10−1 5900 Plyasunov and Shock (2001) L
1.3×10−1 5900 Hovorka et al. (2019) M
1.6×10−1 5700 Ji and Evans (2007) M
1.0×10−1 4600 Falabella et al. (2006) M 11) 340)
8.6×10−2 Straver and de Loos (2005) M
1.0×10−1 4800 Chai et al. (2005) M 11)
1.1×10−1 Kim et al. (2000) M
1.2×10−1 Shiu and Mackay (1997) M
9.0×10−2 Hawthorne et al. (1985) M
6.4×10−2 Sato and Nakajima (1979a) M 14)
1.7×10−1 Vitenberg et al. (1974) M
1.1×10−1 Vitenberg et al. (1974) M 480)
1.6×10−1 Buttery et al. (1969) M
9.2×10−2 Nelson and Hoff (1968) M 298)
1.5×10−1 Mackay et al. (2006c) V
5.9×10−2 Philippe et al. (2003) V 14)
1.5×10−1 Shiu and Mackay (1997) V
1.5×10−1 Mackay et al. (1995) V
2.4×10−1 4300 Djerki and Laub (1988) V
2.6×10−1 Rathbun and Tai (1982) V
3.1×10−1 Amoore and Buttery (1978) V
5900 Della Gatta et al. (1981) T
1.4×10−1 Yaws (2003) X 259)
9.1×10−2 4600 Janini and Quaddora (1986) X 299)
1.7×10−1 Mackay et al. (1995) C
2.5×10−1 Dupeux et al. (2022) Q 260)
8.7×10−2 Hayer et al. (2022) Q 20)
2.2×10−1 Keshavarz et al. (2022) Q
3.2×10−2 Duchowicz et al. (2020) Q 300)
4.3×10−2 Wang et al. (2017) Q 81) 239)
1.6×10−1 Wang et al. (2017) Q 81) 240)
1.8×10−1 Wang et al. (2017) Q 81) 241)
1.6×10−1 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 243) 244)
7.8×10−2 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 245)
1.2×10−1 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 246)
1.0×10−1 Hilal et al. (2008) Q
1.7×10−1 Modarresi et al. (2007) Q 68)
6200 Kühne et al. (2005) Q
1.4×10−1 Yaffe et al. (2003) Q 249) 273)
1.9×10−2 Katritzky et al. (1998) Q
1.2×10−1 Nirmalakhandan et al. (1997) Q
1.2×10−1 Russell et al. (1992) Q 280)
1.2×10−1 Suzuki et al. (1992) Q 233)
1.2×10−1 Duchowicz et al. (2020) ? 21) 186)
1.6×10−1 Mackay et al. (2006c) ? 21)
6500 Kühne et al. (2005) ?
1.4×10−1 Yaws (1999) ? 21)
1.3×10−1 Yaws et al. (1998) ?
6.7×10−2 Abraham and Weathersby (1994) ? 21)
1.5×10−1 Abraham et al. (1990) ?
3.1×10−1 Mackay and Yeun (1983) ?


The first column contains Henry's law solubility constant Hscp at the reference temperature of 298.15 K.
The second column contains the temperature dependence d ln Hs cp / d (1/T), also at the reference temperature.


  • Abraham, M. H. & Weathersby, P. K.: Hydrogen bonding. 30. Solubility of gases and vapors in biological liquids and tissues, J. Pharm. Sci., 83, 1450–1456, doi:10.1002/JPS.2600831017 (1994).
  • Abraham, M. H., Whiting, G. S., Fuchs, R., & Chambers, E. J.: Thermodynamics of solute transfer from water to hexadecane, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 2, pp. 291–300, doi:10.1039/P29900000291 (1990).
  • Amoore, J. E. & Buttery, R. G.: Partition coefficient and comparative olfactometry, Chem. Senses Flavour, 3, 57–71, doi:10.1093/CHEMSE/3.1.57 (1978).
  • Brockbank, S. A.: Aqueous Henry’s law constants, infinite dilution activity coefficients, and water solubility: critically evaluated database, experimental analysis, and prediction methods, Ph.D. thesis, Brigham Young University, USA, URL (2013).
  • Buttery, R. G., Ling, L. C., & Guadagni, D. G.: Volatilities of aldehydes, ketones, and esters in dilute water solutions, J. Agric. Food Chem., 17, 385–389, doi:10.1021/JF60162A025 (1969).
  • Chai, X.-S., Falabella, J. B., & Teja, A. S.: A relative headspace method for Henry’s constants of volatile organic compounds, Fluid Phase Equilib., 231, 239–245, doi:10.1016/J.FLUID.2005.02.006 (2005).
  • Della Gatta, G., Stradella, L., & Venturello, P.: Enthalpies of solvation in cyclohexane and in water for homologous aliphatic ketones and esters, J. Solution Chem., 10, 209–220, doi:10.1007/BF00653098 (1981).
  • Djerki, R. A. & Laub, R. J.: Solute retention in column liquid chromatography. X. Determination of solute infinite-dilution activity coefficients in methanol, water, and their mixtures, by combined gas-liquid and liquid-liquid chromatography, J. Liq. Chromatogr., 11, 585–612, doi:10.1080/01483918808068333 (1988).
  • Duchowicz, P. R., Aranda, J. F., Bacelo, D. E., & Fioressi, S. E.: QSPR study of the Henry’s law constant for heterogeneous compounds, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 154, 115–121, doi:10.1016/J.CHERD.2019.12.009 (2020).
  • Dupeux, T., Gaudin, T., Marteau-Roussy, C., Aubry, J.-M., & Nardello-Rataj, V.: COSMO-RS as an effective tool for predicting the physicochemical properties of fragrance raw materials, Flavour Fragrance J., 37, 106–120, doi:10.1002/FFJ.3690 (2022).
  • Falabella, J. B., Nair, A., & Teja, A. S.: Henry’s constants of 1-alkanols and 2-ketones in salt solutions, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 51, 1940–1945, doi:10.1021/JE0600956 (2006).
  • Hawthorne, S. B., Sievers, R. E., & Barkley, R. M.: Organic emissions from shale oil wastewaters and their implications for air quality, Environ. Sci. Technol., 19, 992–997, doi:10.1021/ES00140A018 (1985).
  • Hayer, N., Jirasek, F., & Hasse, H.: Prediction of Henry’s law constants by matrix completion, AIChE J., 68, e17 753, doi:10.1002/AIC.17753 (2022).
  • Hilal, S. H., Ayyampalayam, S. N., & Carreira, L. A.: Air-liquid partition coefficient for a diverse set of organic compounds: Henry’s law constant in water and hexadecane, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 9231–9236, doi:10.1021/ES8005783 (2008).
  • Hovorka, Š., Vrbka, P., Bermúdez-Salguero, C., Böhme, A., & Dohnal, V.: Air–water partitioning of C5 and C6 alkanones: measurement, critical compilation, correlation, and recommended data, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 64, 5765–5774, doi:10.1021/ACS.JCED.9B00726 (2019).
  • Janini, G. M. & Quaddora, L. A.: Determination of activity coefficients of oxygenated hydrocarbons by liquid-liquid chromatography, J. Liq. Chromatogr., 9, 39–53, doi:10.1080/01483918608076621 (1986).
  • Ji, C. & Evans, E. M.: Using an internal standard method to determine Henry’s law constants, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 26, 231–236, doi:10.1897/06-339R.1 (2007).
  • Katritzky, A. R., Wang, Y., Sild, S., Tamm, T., & Karelson, M.: QSPR studies on vapor pressure, aqueous solubility, and the prediction of water-air partition coefficients, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 38, 720–725, doi:10.1021/CI980022T (1998).
  • Keshavarz, M. H., Rezaei, M., & Hosseini, S. H.: A simple approach for prediction of Henry’s law constant of pesticides, solvents, aromatic hydrocarbons, and persistent pollutants without using complex computer codes and descriptors, Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 162, 867–877, doi:10.1016/J.PSEP.2022.04.045 (2022).
  • Kim, B. R., Kalis, E. M., DeWulf, T., & Andrews, K. M.: Henry’s Law constants for paint solvents and their implications on volatile organic compound emissions from automotive painting, Water Environ. Res., 72, 65–74, doi:10.2175/106143000X137121 (2000).
  • Kühne, R., Ebert, R.-U., & Schüürmann, G.: Prediction of the temperature dependency of Henry’s law constant from chemical structure, Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 6705–6711, doi:10.1021/ES050527H (2005).
  • Mackay, D. & Yeun, A. T. K.: Mass transfer coefficient correlations for volatilization of organic solutes from water, Environ. Sci. Technol., 17, 211–217, doi:10.1021/ES00110A006 (1983).
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., & Ma, K. C.: Illustrated Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. IV of Oxygen, Nitrogen, and Sulfur Containing Compounds, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, ISBN 1566700353 (1995).
  • Mackay, D., Shiu, W. Y., Ma, K. C., & Lee, S. C.: Handbook of Physical-Chemical Properties and Environmental Fate for Organic Chemicals, vol. III of Oxygen Containing Compounds, CRC/Taylor & Francis Group, doi:10.1201/9781420044393 (2006c).
  • Modarresi, H., Modarress, H., & Dearden, J. C.: QSPR model of Henry’s law constant for a diverse set of organic chemicals based on genetic algorithm-radial basis function network approach, Chemosphere, 66, 2067–2076, doi:10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2006.09.049 (2007).
  • Nelson, P. E. & Hoff, J. E.: Food volatiles: Gas chromatographic determination of partition coefficients in water-lipid systems, Int. J. Mass Spectrom., 228, 479–482, doi:10.1111/J.1365-2621.1968.TB03659.X (1968).
  • Nirmalakhandan, N., Brennan, R. A., & Speece, R. E.: Predicting Henry’s law constant and the effect of temperature on Henry’s law constant, Wat. Res., 31, 1471–1481, doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(96)00395-8 (1997).
  • Philippe, E., Seuvre, A.-M., Colas, B., Langendorff, V., Schippa, C., & Voilley, A.: Behavior of flavor compounds in model food systems: a thermodynamic study, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 1393–1398, doi:10.1021/JF020862E (2003).
  • Plyasunov, A. V. & Shock, E. L.: Group contribution values of the infinite dilution thermodynamic functions of hydration for aliphatic noncyclic hydrocarbons, alcohols, and ketones at 298.15 K and 0.1 MPa, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 46, 1016–1019, doi:10.1021/JE0002282 (2001).
  • Rathbun, R. E. & Tai, D. Y.: Volatilization of ketones from water, Water Air Soil Pollut., 17, 281–293, doi:10.1007/BF00283158 (1982).
  • Raventos-Duran, T., Camredon, M., Valorso, R., Mouchel-Vallon, C., & Aumont, B.: Structure-activity relationships to estimate the effective Henry’s law constants of organics of atmospheric interest, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7643–7654, doi:10.5194/ACP-10-7643-2010 (2010).
  • Russell, C. J., Dixon, S. L., & Jurs, P. C.: Computer-assisted study of the relationship between molecular structure and Henry’s law constant, Anal. Chem., 64, 1350–1355, doi:10.1021/AC00037A009 (1992).
  • Sato, A. & Nakajima, T.: Partition coefficients of some aromatic hydrocarbons and ketones in water, blood and oil, Br. J. Ind. Med., 36, 231–234, doi:10.1136/OEM.36.3.231 (1979a).
  • Shiu, W.-Y. & Mackay, D.: Henry’s law constants of selected aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, and ketones, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 42, 27–30, doi:10.1021/JE960218U (1997).
  • Straver, E. J. M. & de Loos, T. W.: Determination of Henry’s law constants and activity coefficients at infinite dilution of flavor compounds in water at 298 K with a gas-chromatographic method, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 50, 1171–1176, doi:10.1021/JE0495942 (2005).
  • Suzuki, T., Ohtaguchi, K., & Koide, K.: Application of principal components analysis to calculate Henry’s constant from molecular structure, Comput. Chem., 16, 41–52, doi:10.1016/0097-8485(92)85007-L (1992).
  • Vitenberg, A. G., Ioffe, B. V., & Borisov, V. N.: Application of phase equilibria to gas chromatographic trace analysis, Chromatographia, 7, 610–619, doi:10.1007/BF02269053 (1974).
  • Wang, C., Yuan, T., Wood, S. A., Goss, K.-U., Li, J., Ying, Q., & Wania, F.: Uncertain Henry’s law constants compromise equilibrium partitioning calculations of atmospheric oxidation products, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 7529–7540, doi:10.5194/ACP-17-7529-2017 (2017).
  • Yaffe, D., Cohen, Y., Espinosa, G., Arenas, A., & Giralt, F.: A fuzzy ARTMAP-based quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) for the Henry’s law constant of organic compounds, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 43, 85–112, doi:10.1021/CI025561J (2003).
  • Yaws, C. L.: Chemical Properties Handbook, McGraw-Hill, Inc., ISBN 0070734011 (1999).
  • Yaws, C. L.: Yaws’ Handbook of Thermodynamic and Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds, Knovel: Norwich, NY, USA, ISBN 1591244447 (2003).
  • Yaws, C. L., Sheth, S. D., & Han, M.: Using solubility and Henry’s law constant data for ketones in water, Pollut. Eng., 30, 44–46 (1998).


Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2023) for further details.


1) A detailed temperature dependence with more than one parameter is available in the original publication. Here, only the temperature dependence at 298.15 K according to the van 't Hoff equation is presented.
11) Measured at high temperature and extrapolated to T = 298.15 K.
14) Value at T = 310 K.
20) Calculated using machine learning matrix completion methods (MCMs).
21) Several references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
68) Modarresi et al. (2007) use different descriptors for their calculations. They conclude that a genetic algorithm/radial basis function network (GA/RBFN) is the best QSPR model. Only these results are shown here.
81) Value at T = 288 K.
186) Experimental value, extracted from HENRYWIN.
233) Calculated with a principal component analysis (PCA); see Suzuki et al. (1992) for details.
239) Calculated using linear free energy relationships (LFERs).
240) Calculated using SPARC Performs Automated Reasoning in Chemistry (SPARC).
241) Calculated using COSMOtherm.
243) Value from the training dataset.
244) Calculated using the GROMHE model.
245) Calculated using the SPARC approach.
246) Calculated using the HENRYWIN method.
249) Yaffe et al. (2003) present QSPR results calculated with the fuzzy ARTMAP (FAM) and with the back-propagation (BK-Pr) method. They conclude that FAM is better. Only the FAM results are shown here.
259) Value given here as quoted by Dupeux et al. (2022).
260) Calculated using the COSMO-RS method.
273) Value from the test set.
280) Value from the training set.
298) Value at T = 301 K.
299) Value given here as quoted by Staudinger and Roberts (1996).
300) Value from the test set for true external validation.
340) Values for salt solutions are also available from this reference.
480) Value at T = 313 K.

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2023). References cited in the notes can be found here.

* * *

Search Henry's Law Database

Species Search:

Identifier Search:

Reference Search:

* * *

Convert Henry's Law Constants


* * *