Henry's Law Constants

Rolf Sander

NEW: Version 5.0.0 has been published in October 2023

Atmospheric Chemistry Division

Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry
Mainz, Germany


Henry's Law Constants





Contact, Imprint, Acknowledgements

When referring to the compilation of Henry's Law Constants, please cite this publication:

R. Sander: Compilation of Henry's law constants (version 5.0.0) for water as solvent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 10901-12440 (2023), doi:10.5194/acp-23-10901-2023

The publication from 2023 replaces that from 2015, which is now obsolete. Please do not cite the old paper anymore.

Henry's Law ConstantsOrganic species with oxygen (O)Polyols (R(OH)n) → 1,2-ethanediol

TRIVIAL NAME: ethylene glycol
CAS RN:107-21-1

Hscp d ln Hs cp / d (1/T) References Type Notes
[mol/(m3Pa)] [K]
6.5×103 Burkholder et al. (2019) L
6.5×103 Burkholder et al. (2015) L
4.0×103 Bone et al. (1983) M 12)
1.6×102 Butler and Ramchandani (1935) M 426)
4.7 HSDB (2015) V
6.5×103 8800 Compernolle and Müller (2014b) V
5.0×103 Hwang et al. (1992) V
7.0×103 Yaws (2003) X 259)
7.0×103 Yaws (2003) X 238)
4.8×103 Dupeux et al. (2022) Q 260)
2.9×102 Keshavarz et al. (2022) Q
6.4×102 Duchowicz et al. (2020) Q 185)
3.3×102 Wang et al. (2017) Q 81) 239)
1.3×103 Wang et al. (2017) Q 81) 240)
6.3×103 Wang et al. (2017) Q 81) 241)
5.6×102 Olsen et al. (2016) Q 427)
4.0×102 Olsen et al. (2016) Q 428)
4.3×102 Olsen et al. (2016) Q 429)
1.3×104 Gharagheizi et al. (2012) Q
7.8×103 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 243) 244)
4.9×102 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 245)
7.8×101 Raventos-Duran et al. (2010) Q 246)
2.5×103 Gharagheizi et al. (2010) Q 247)
7.2×102 Hilal et al. (2008) Q
3.1×103 Modarresi et al. (2007) Q 68)
6.9×103 Yao et al. (2002) Q 230)
8.6×102 Katritzky et al. (1998) Q
1.6×102 Duchowicz et al. (2020) ? 21) 186)
5.2×103 Yaws (1999) ? 21)


The first column contains Henry's law solubility constant Hscp at the reference temperature of 298.15 K.
The second column contains the temperature dependence d ln Hs cp / d (1/T), also at the reference temperature.


  • Bone, R., Cullis, P., & Wolfenden, R.: Solvent effects on equilibria of addition of nucleophiles to acetaldehyde and the hydrophilic character of diols, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 105, 1339–1343, doi:10.1021/JA00343A044 (1983).
  • Burkholder, J. B., Sander, S. P., Abbatt, J., Barker, J. R., Huie, R. E., Kolb, C. E., Kurylo, M. J., Orkin, V. L., Wilmouth, D. M., & Wine, P. H.: Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation No. 18, JPL Publication 15-10, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, URL (2015).
  • Burkholder, J. B., Sander, S. P., Abbatt, J., Barker, J. R., Cappa, C., Crounse, J. D., Dibble, T. S., Huie, R. E., Kolb, C. E., Kurylo, M. J., Orkin, V. L., Percival, C. J., Wilmouth, D. M., & Wine, P. H.: Chemical Kinetics and Photochemical Data for Use in Atmospheric Studies, Evaluation No. 19, JPL Publication 19-5, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, URL (2019).
  • Butler, J. A. V. & Ramchandani, C. N.: The solubility of non-electrolytes. Part II. The influence of the polar group on the free energy of hydration of aliphatic compounds, J. Chem. Soc., pp. 952–955, doi:10.1039/JR9350000952 (1935).
  • Compernolle, S. & Müller, J.-F.: Henry’s law constants of polyols, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 12 815–12 837, doi:10.5194/ACP-14-12815-2014 (2014b).
  • Duchowicz, P. R., Aranda, J. F., Bacelo, D. E., & Fioressi, S. E.: QSPR study of the Henry’s law constant for heterogeneous compounds, Chem. Eng. Res. Des., 154, 115–121, doi:10.1016/J.CHERD.2019.12.009 (2020).
  • Dupeux, T., Gaudin, T., Marteau-Roussy, C., Aubry, J.-M., & Nardello-Rataj, V.: COSMO-RS as an effective tool for predicting the physicochemical properties of fragrance raw materials, Flavour Fragrance J., 37, 106–120, doi:10.1002/FFJ.3690 (2022).
  • Gharagheizi, F., Abbasi, R., & Tirandazi, B.: Prediction of Henry’s law constant of organic compounds in water from a new group-contribution-based model, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 49, 10 149–10 152, doi:10.1021/IE101532E (2010).
  • Gharagheizi, F., Eslamimanesh, A., Mohammadi, A. H., & Richon, D.: Empirical method for estimation of Henry’s law constant of non-electrolyte organic compounds in water, J. Chem. Thermodyn., 47, 295–299, doi:10.1016/J.JCT.2011.11.015 (2012).
  • Hilal, S. H., Ayyampalayam, S. N., & Carreira, L. A.: Air-liquid partition coefficient for a diverse set of organic compounds: Henry’s law constant in water and hexadecane, Environ. Sci. Technol., 42, 9231–9236, doi:10.1021/ES8005783 (2008).
  • HSDB: Hazardous Substances Data Bank, TOXicology data NETwork (TOXNET), National Library of Medicine (US), URL (2015).
  • Hwang, Y.-L., Olson, J. D., & Keller, II, G. E.: Steam stripping for removal of organic pollutants from water. 2. Vapor-liquid equilibrium data, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 31, 1759–1768, doi:10.1021/IE00007A022 (1992).
  • Katritzky, A. R., Wang, Y., Sild, S., Tamm, T., & Karelson, M.: QSPR studies on vapor pressure, aqueous solubility, and the prediction of water-air partition coefficients, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., 38, 720–725, doi:10.1021/CI980022T (1998).
  • Keshavarz, M. H., Rezaei, M., & Hosseini, S. H.: A simple approach for prediction of Henry’s law constant of pesticides, solvents, aromatic hydrocarbons, and persistent pollutants without using complex computer codes and descriptors, Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 162, 867–877, doi:10.1016/J.PSEP.2022.04.045 (2022).
  • Modarresi, H., Modarress, H., & Dearden, J. C.: QSPR model of Henry’s law constant for a diverse set of organic chemicals based on genetic algorithm-radial basis function network approach, Chemosphere, 66, 2067–2076, doi:10.1016/J.CHEMOSPHERE.2006.09.049 (2007).
  • Olsen, R., Kvamme, B., & Kuznetsova, T.: Free energy of solvation and Henry’s law solubility constants for mono-, di- and tri-ethylene glycol in water and methane, Fluid Phase Equilib., 418, 152–159, doi:10.1016/J.FLUID.2015.10.019 (2016).
  • Raventos-Duran, T., Camredon, M., Valorso, R., Mouchel-Vallon, C., & Aumont, B.: Structure-activity relationships to estimate the effective Henry’s law constants of organics of atmospheric interest, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7643–7654, doi:10.5194/ACP-10-7643-2010 (2010).
  • Wang, C., Yuan, T., Wood, S. A., Goss, K.-U., Li, J., Ying, Q., & Wania, F.: Uncertain Henry’s law constants compromise equilibrium partitioning calculations of atmospheric oxidation products, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 7529–7540, doi:10.5194/ACP-17-7529-2017 (2017).
  • Yao, X., aand X. Zhang, M. L., Hu, Z., & Fan, B.: Radial basis function network-based quantitative structure-property relationship for the prediction of Henry’s law constant, Anal. Chim. Acta, 462, 101–117, doi:10.1016/S0003-2670(02)00273-8 (2002).
  • Yaws, C. L.: Chemical Properties Handbook, McGraw-Hill, Inc., ISBN 0070734011 (1999).
  • Yaws, C. L.: Yaws’ Handbook of Thermodynamic and Physical Properties of Chemical Compounds, Knovel: Norwich, NY, USA, ISBN 1591244447 (2003).


Table entries are sorted according to reliability of the data, listing the most reliable type first: L) literature review, M) measured, V) VP/AS = vapor pressure/aqueous solubility, R) recalculation, T) thermodynamical calculation, X) original paper not available, C) citation, Q) QSPR, E) estimate, ?) unknown, W) wrong. See Section 3.1 of Sander (2023) for further details.


12) Value at T = 293 K.
21) Several references are given in the list of Henry's law constants but not assigned to specific species.
68) Modarresi et al. (2007) use different descriptors for their calculations. They conclude that a genetic algorithm/radial basis function network (GA/RBFN) is the best QSPR model. Only these results are shown here.
81) Value at T = 288 K.
185) Value from the validation set for checking whether the model is satisfactory for compounds that are absent from the training set.
186) Experimental value, extracted from HENRYWIN.
230) Yao et al. (2002) compared two QSPR methods and found that radial basis function networks (RBFNs) are better than multiple linear regression. In their paper, they provide neither a definition nor the unit of their Henry's law constants. Comparing the values with those that they cite from Yaws (1999), it is assumed that they use the variant Hvpx and the unit atm.
238) Value given here as quoted by Gharagheizi et al. (2010).
239) Calculated using linear free energy relationships (LFERs).
240) Calculated using SPARC Performs Automated Reasoning in Chemistry (SPARC).
241) Calculated using COSMOtherm.
243) Value from the training dataset.
244) Calculated using the GROMHE model.
245) Calculated using the SPARC approach.
246) Calculated using the HENRYWIN method.
247) Calculated using a combination of a group contribution method and neural networks.
259) Value given here as quoted by Dupeux et al. (2022).
260) Calculated using the COSMO-RS method.
426) Saxena and Hildemann (1996) say that this value is unreliable.
427) Calculated using the free energy perturbation (FEP) method.
428) Calculated using the thermodynamic integration (TI) method.
429) Calculated using the Bennett acceptance ratio (BAR) method.

The numbers of the notes are the same as in Sander (2023). References cited in the notes can be found here.

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